How To Build an EASY Cow Farm in Minecraft 1.17.1

In this post, we’re going to build an EASY to build cow farm for Minecraft 1.17.1. Cow farms have been around since the existence of cows in Minecraft, but their loot hasn’t become any less valuable over time. Since cows drop leather and raw beef, they are a great source of food and leather.

Easy Cow Farm

There are many cow farm designs, all slightly different, some more simple, some very complex. In this tutorial, we’re going to build a very simple and easy cow farm for Minecraft 1.17.1.


  • 3×3 blocks building area
  • 25 solid blocks
  • 4 stairs
  • a hopper
  • a chest
  • a fence
  • 1 bucket of water
  • 2 cows

… and an infinite amount of wheat!

To get started, build a U-shape. Finish the U-shape by adding a chest, then proceed to put a hopper in the center block, facing in to the chest. This will make sure the loot flows in to the chest. Add a second U-shaped layer, finish the U-shape by adding a non-solid block like a stair block above the chest.

Cows in a cow farm in Minecraft 1.17.1
Cow farm in Minecraft. Shaders: Complementary Shaders.

The third and final layer is very simple, just add a third layer of solid blocks, but leave a hole in the middle. This is where you’re going to put your cows next. It can be very tricky to get the cows in to the one-block space, but it does fit! Build a little staircase for them, use wheat and be very patient. After a while, you’ll be able to push them in to the hole.

Now that both cows are inside the farm, put a fence post over the hole, so the cows can’t get out, but you can still feed them. Be sure to add water to the block above the hopper, but make sure not to put it on the stair block. This will flood the place…

Get your cow farm started

Now you can get your farm started. Start by breeding the first two cows. Keep breeding the cows until there are quite a few cows in the farm. Now that it’s full of cows, every time you breed cows, a baby cow will spawn and a random adult cow will be killed. This is because there can only be 24 cows in one block by default.

To change this limit and get more loot (not recommended: will lag!) go in to chat and type: /gamerule maxEntityCramming [yourValue]. [yourValue] can be anything from 1 to infinity, but don’t go too crazy or it will make your game crash. We suggest trying increments of 10 to see how well your PC handles the new limits.

Video Tutorial

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